What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
It is a common eye condition that happens when cells in the macula degenerate. Macula is a small spot near the center of the retina whose function is to let you see objects that are straight ahead.
AMD or AMRD has two main types namely “wet” and “dry”. Dry AMD is the most common form of AMD while Wet AMD is considered the most severe. The difference between the two is that people with dry AMD do not completely lose their reading vision while those with wet AMD, visual loss may happen over a short period of time.
Who is at Risk for Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
People aged over 50 or 60 are more likely to develop AMD. Though it is most common in older people, it can still occur in younger people.
What Causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
The cause of AMD is still unknown. However, there are certain factors that increase its development and these include smoking, family history, and race.
What are the Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
AMD symptoms include blurring of central vision even with glasses, difficulty in recognizing faces, and development of ‘blind spot’ in the middle of your visual field.
How is Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treated?
The early stages of AMD may start without symptoms and only comprehensive eye exams can detect it. These eye exams include a test for visual acuity, an exam where the eye is dilated, amsler grid, fluorescein angiogram, and optical coherence tomography.
There is no specific treatment yet for AMD, however a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing this disease. It is suggested to avoid smoking, maintain normal blood pressure, eat a healthy diet, and watch your weight.
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