What is Amblyopia?
Amblyopia or commonly called as lazy eye is an eye disorder characterized by the failure of an eye to achieve normal visual acuity. A person’s eyesight in one eye does not develop as it should. Usually, this condition happens in one eye, but there are instances where both eyes may be affected.
Who is at Risk for Amblyopia?
Amblyopia is considered as an early childhood condition; hence, people who are more likely to have it are children. Persons who have family history of strabismus (misaligned eyes) are also at risk.
What Causes Amblyopia?
Possible causes of Amblyopia are strabismus, unequal refractive error, and cloudiness of the visual system. Strabismus or misaligned eyes is the most common cause of amblyopia. It’s a muscle imbalance that hinders the eyes’ ability to aim in the same direction; thus, a person having it uses only the better eye. Strabismus may either be inherited or acquired through an injury or viral illness.
What are the Symptoms of Amblyopia?
A common symptom of Amblyopia is having misaligned or crossed eyes. Other symptoms include blurred vision,decreased vision in one eye and poor depth perception.
How is Amblyopia Treated?
If you notice the aforementioned symptoms, it’s best to schedule an appointment for your child’s eye exam- preferably with an ophthalmologist or optometrist. If it’s left untreated, your child’s vision may no longer develop correctly in the affected eye.
Amblyopia can also be corrected by using glasses or contact lenses.
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