What is Cataract?
Cataract, a clouding of the eye’s lens, is the leading cause of blindness in the world. It occurs in either or both eyes but can’t spread from one eye to the other. It usually develops as a result of aging but there are other types of cataracts that develop during childhood, after injury to the eye or due to other eye and health problems.
Who is at Risk for Cataract?
People in their 40s and 50s are at risk for cataract. When they reach 61, the chance of vision loss is high.
What Causes Cataract?
Your lifestyle may raise your risk for cataract such as smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. Cataract may also be caused by other health problems like diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and previous eye injury. Other causes include prolonged exposure to sunlight and air pollution.
What are the Symptoms of Cataract?
There are a number of different symptoms associated with cataract. These include cloudy vision, progressive nearsightedness, double vision, poor night vision, sudden changes in eyeglasses or contact lenses and colors appear faded. If you have noticed any of these symptoms, consult an eye health specialist.
How is Cataract Treated?
Cataract may be treated by wearing eyeglasses and anti-glare sunglasses. But if these are not sufficient, surgery is suggested.
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