What is Conjunctivitis?
Conjunctivitis or often called as “pinkeye” is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva. The latter is the transparent membrane that lies over the white part of the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis is categorized into three, namely infective or infectious, allergic, and irritant or chemical. Infective or infectious conjunctivitis is caused by a bacteria or viral infection. On the other hand, allergic conjunctivitis occurs due to an allergic reaction. Irritant or chemical conjunctivitis happens when the eye gets irritated with certain substances.
Who is at Risk for Conjunctivitis?
Though conjunctivitis is a common eye disease, children and newborns are most at risk of it. Conjunctivitis can be highly contagious if it’s caused by bacteria and viruses.
What Causes Conjunctivitis?
The causes of conjunctivitis vary depending on its type. Infective conjunctivitis is caused by viruses and bacteria such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. Allergic conjunctivitis is triggered by dust, pollen, animal dander, or dust mites. Irritant conjunctivitis is caused by irritants and chemicals such as chlorine, shampoos, soaps, dirt, smoke, and fumes.
What are the Symptoms of Conjunctivitis?
They symptoms of conjunctivitis differ based on the type of conjunctivitis you have, but the most apparent symptom is an eye having a pink appearance. If you’re suffering from allergic conjunctivitis, you may experience having watery, itchy, and burning eyes plus a runny nose and light sensitivity. Other symptoms include white, yellow, or green discharge, and crusting of the eyelids.
How is Conjunctivitis Treated?
The treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the cause. It is best to consult an eye doctor. And considering that it’s contagious, it’s important to practice good hygiene to prevent it from spreading. Likewise, wash your hands thoroughly, apply a compress to your eyes, stop wearing contact lenses, and don’t share your personal items with others.
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