What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages your optic nerve. If it gets worse over time, it can lead to vision loss or blindness. That’s why early detection and treatment would be helpful to prevent getting serious vision loss.
Glaucoma may be either open-angle or angle-closure. The first type is the most common and it occurs when the fluid in the eye does not flow properly through the eye’s drain. On the other hand, the second type is less common but can be characterized by the sudden buildup of pressure in your eyes.
Who is at Risk for Glaucoma?
Certain conditions may raise your risk for glaucoma and these include family history, age, nearsightedness, past injuries to the eyes, use of steroids and even history of shock or severe anemia.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a condition with many possible causes. Its primary cause is high eye pressure but it can be triggered also by an eye injury, eye inflammation, use of steroids, and abnormal formation of blood vessel.
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
A wide range of symptoms can occur when you have glaucoma. These include blurred vision, difficulty in focusing on near or distant objects, headache, double vision, brow pain, watery eyes, dry eyes with burning, change in color of iris, vomiting, and nausea.
However, if you are suffering from open-angle glaucoma, you may not notice symptoms at first. It will cause you no pain but if not treated, you may slowly lose your peripheral vision.
How is Glaucoma Treated?
Generally, glaucoma cannot be cured. However, such condition can be controlled with the use of medicines and surgical operations. Medications may include eye drops combined with pills. If taken regularly, these eye drops can definitely lower eye pressure. On the other hand, surgical operations can be either laser surgery or operative surgery.
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