What is Myopia?
Myopia or nearsightedness is an eye focusing disorder that affects an estimated 20% to 30% of Americans.
Who is at Risk for Myopia?
Myopia can be inherited. In most cases, it is discovered in children between ages 8 to 12. It worsens during teenage years. Myopia usually slows down as a person enters adulthood although there are times too when it continues to progress.
What Causes Myopia?
Myopia is a refractive error. This means that the eye does not refract light properly or does not bend to a single focus when transmitting images to the brain. Light entering the eye is not focused properly because a person has long eyeballs or too much curvature in the cornea. Instead of focusing directly on the retina, the light rays focus in front of the retina. This causes blurred vision. And in the case of myopia, distant objects are those that appear blurred.
What are the Symptoms of Myopia?
Symptoms of myopia include seeing well for close-up tasks but experiencing difficulty seeing distant objects clearly, struggling reading road signs, feeling fatigued when driving or participating in sports activities, and feeling headaches and eyestrain too.
How is Myopia Treated?
Myopia can be treated with contact lenses, glasses, or refractive surgery. You may need to wear your lenses or glasses regularly, depending on the degree of your myopia.
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