What is Strabismus?
Strabismus is a disorder in which the two eyes fail to align in the same direction. This is more commonly known as “crossed eyes” and affects approximately 4% of Americans.
Who is at Risk for Strabismus?
Children, even when completely normal, may be at risk of developing strabismus. However, those suffering from disorders that affect the brain such as down syndrome and cerebral palsy are at a higher risk.
What Causes Strabismus?
Strabismus is caused by eye muscles not working in perfect coordination. Each eye has six different muscles working together so they all can focus on one object. For someone with strabismus, these muscles do not work as a team. Genetics may also increase risk factors, meaning a child whose parents have strabismus have a greater risk of having strabismus too.
What are the Symptoms of Strabismus?
Symptoms of strabismus include double vision, eyes that do not move together, eyes that misalign, crossed eyes and vision loss.
How is Strabismus Treated?
Wearing glasses may help ease strabismus in children. Patch can also be placed on the lazy eye, or that with muscles not coordinating with each other. Surgery can also be done and eye muscle exercises may offer help too.
Return to the Eye Terms page